English Skeet (ESK)
Skeet is a word of Scandinavian origin, though the discipline originated in the Americas. Targets are thrown in singles and doubles from 2 trap houses, High house and Low house, situated some 40 meters apart, at opposite ends of a semicircular arc on which there are seven shooting positions.
Olympic Skeet (OSK)
Olympic Skeet is an Olympic shooting discipline which is particularly challenging and requires smooth and efficient gun movement. Olympic Skeet has seven set stations set in a semi-circle, with an eighth station mid-way between stations one and seven. Olympic Skeet is very similar to English Skeet and the targets are predictable in both.
English Sporting (ESP)
The English Sporting discipline has by far the sports biggest following. While the other disciplines only use standard targets, in Sporting almost anything goes, Targets are throw in a great variety of trajectories, angles, speeds, elevations and distances and the discipline was originally devised to simulate live quarry shooting, hence some of the names commonly used on Sporting stands: Springing Teal, Driven Pheasant, Bolting Rabbit, Crossing Pigeon, Dropping Duck, etc.
FITASC Sporting (FSP)
This discipline can have an infinite variety of ‘stands’ . ENGLISH SPORTING is the most popular form of clay shooting in the UK, and a course or competition will feature a given number of stands each of which has a predetermined number of targets, all travelling along the same path and speed, either as singles or doubles. Each stand will feature a different type of target i.e. crosser, driven, quartering etc. INTERNATIONAL (FITASC) SPORTING gives a much greater variety of targets in terms of trajectory and speed, and is shot by squads of six competitors in rounds of 25 targets at a time.
Sportrap looks like a mini English Sporting layout and the targets are similar. Sportrap is also similar to Compak Sporting, both are a Sporting layout fitted into a limited space, often set up temporarily on a Skeet or Trap layout. Five targets are thrown on each stand: consisting of a single target, a simultaneous pair and a report pair. Four or five traps may be used to provide a variety of angles and trajectories. The traps will be labelled A to E from left to right and a board in front of each stand will inform the shooter of the order and combination of shots.
Down The Line (DTL)
Targets are thrown at a distance of 45 – 50 metres at a fixed height of 2.75 meters and with a horizontal spread of up to 22 degrees either side of centre line. Each competitor shoots at a single target in turn, but without moving from the stand until he or she have all shot five targets. Then they all move one place to the right, and continue to do so until they have all completed a standard round of 25 birds. Scoring of each target is 3 points for a first barrel kill, 2 points for a second barrel kill and 0 for a miss (maximum 75 points per round).
Automatic Ball trap (ABT)
Automatic Ball Trap is the second most popular Trap discipline shot in the UK next to DTL. An ABT squad consists of six shooters. Only one target is taken at each stand before moving to the right for the next target. Two shots are allowed at each target but unlike DTL, either shot scores equally. ABT targets are faster and have a greater range of angles and heights than DTL. They are thrown on random trajectories from a single trap in front of the centre stand.
Olympic Trap (OTR)
As it’s name indicates, this is one of the disciplines which forms part of the shooting programme at the Olympic Games. A trench in front of the shooting stands, conceals 15 traps arranged in 5 groups of 3. Shooters take turns to shoot at a target each, before moving in a clockwise direction to the next stand in the line. Targets for each shooter are thrown immediately upon the shooters call and are selected by a shooting scheme that ensures all competitors receive exactly the same target selection, but in a unpredictable randomised order, from any one of the three traps directly in front of them. Olympic Trap targets are set to travel 75 to 80 metres at varying elevations and with a maximum horizontal angle of 45 degrees either side of the centre line. Scoring is done of the basis of 1 point per target killed, regardless of whether this is achieved with the first or with the second barrel.
Universal Trench (UTR)
A variation on the theme of trap shooting, sometimes known as “Five Trap”. Five traps are installed in a trench in front of the shooting stands, all set at different angles, elevations and speeds, and upon the call of “Pull!” by the shooter any one of the five machines, selected at random, will be released. Horizontal angles can vary from 0 degrees to 45 degrees either side of the centre line and target distance is between 60 and 70 metres. Elevations can vary, between 1.5 and 3.5 metres above ground level.
All Round (AR)
All Round is a mixture of disciplines combined in one overall round. All registered All Round competitions must consist of 100 targets and be shot in sequence as follows: 25 Single Barrel DTL, 25 ABT, 25 English Skeet and 25 English Sporting. All four disciplines must be shot in accordance with their own technical rules and regulations. There must be a maximum of given shooters in a squad and each shooter must start in the same position for each round.
Single Barrel SB
Single Barrel events are shot on a DTL layout and all rules and procedures are the same, with the following exceptions: 1) Only one barrel may be loaded and only one shot taken at a target. 2) A spent cartridge or ‘snap cap’ may not be used to guard the unused barrel. 3) Scoring is a ‘hit’ or a ‘lost’, one point for a hit, and no points for a loss.